Cherry is widely used for making cherry jam, compotes, liqueurs, juices, also consumed in dried form.
Cherry tree varieties.
Cherry tree varieties can be divided into three groups: early-maturing by July 1, medium - maturing in the first two decades of July, and late - maturing in late July - early August. Most varieties of cherry trees are poorly pollinated with pollen of its own variety, so planting must be done with 2-3 different varieties. The durability of flowering, fruiting of those varieties should be the same. Cherry trees in the garden should grow with other cherry trees. All varieties of cherry trees do not like wind, but they are quite tolerant to partial shade. Therefore, they can be planted in shaded areas, but well protected from the piercing wind. Choosing cherry tree variety is a responsible task, no less responsible than the cultivation and care of it. There are tens or even hundreds of varieties, existing at a given time. You need to select the best suitable variety, which will match your requirements. Particular attention should be paid to cherry hardiness and resistance to kokkomikoz - dangerous fungal disease.
Growing and cultivation of cherry trees.
It is noticed that the best for planting are not the two-year but annual seedlings, the best period of planting - early autumn (5 October) or early spring (before bud breaks). Caring for cherry trees in the early years before fruiting should be directed to get good gains, and this is achieved by loosening the soil annually, watering and feeding, containing nitrogen fertilizers with an alkaline reaction. The root system of cherry trees is close to the ground, so it is very sensitive to drought. For the same reason spudding under it must be careful - not with a shovel but with a garden fork in order not to damage the root system.
Planting cherry tree.
Cherry trees are planted on high ground or on a slope. The soil at the planting site should be neutral. It loves light and medium loam soils. Low, damp places with close to the surface groundwater are not suitable. The root system of seedlings must feel free in the planting pit, so the depth should be about 50 cm and the diameter - 60cm. Mix the pit soil with humus in the ratio 1: 1, add some superphosphate (optional), potassium chloride (optional) and about 1 kg. of ash. After planting pour much water. Mulch the pit with sawdust or humus layer. Mulching retains moisture and guards against cracking of the soil surface. Cherry trees are planted at a distance of 2.5-3m from each other. It is important to have two or three varieties in the garden for better pollination.
Diseases of cherry tree
In recent years, cherry trees have become heavily damaged by kokomikoz: leaves fall prematurely, and fruits dry out. Spraying in early spring and summer with copper preparations can fully cope with this disease.
We wish you good luck in growing this nice tree!
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