Varieties of pear trees
The main efforts of plant breeders is to create winter-hardy, fertile trees with early appearance of fruits that are resistant to fungal diseases and have high quality. There are a lot of new varieties with large, tasty fruits, which are well-stocked. They are cold hardy and resistant to deseases. By the time of ripening pear trees are classified as summer, autumn and winter varieties. Be aware that the fruits of summer and autumn ripening must be removed for 7-10 days before normal maturity (the color of skin begins to lighten) and store them in a cool room to improve palatability. The flesh of the fruit will be more juicy than the fruit ripened on the tree. Fruits of late fall and winter varieties are required to be removed at the end of September.
Growing pear trees
Pear tree requires to be planted immediately to a permanent place, because it does not like transplantation, especially in the age of 4 or more years. For planting you should choose the most lighted, dry and flat place. It is recommended to plant several varieties (2-3) for better pollination. The distance between trees 2-3 meters. Pear tree seedlings are usually planted in fall or spring. Autumn planting is carried out in the first half of October. Spring planting is carried out in late April - early May, before leafing. In the southern regions planting of seedlings is best done in autumn. Autumn planting has many advantages: better conditions for the formation of new roots. The soil accumulates a lot of moisture, promoting a better survival rate of plants and their good growth in spring, especially in areas of insufficient moisture.
Planting pear tree
The depth of the pit should be 100-120 cm on clay soils, with the diameter of 60-80 cm. Planting pit can be smaller with peat soil. In the pit you can put dung or humus (up to 2-4 buckets), 2 buckets of large sand. You also can add 1 cup of superphosphate and 3 tablespoons of potassium sulfate (it is optional). Cut only the ends of the damaged roots before planting the trees. Note: while choosing the seedling in the market or in the nursery you should pay a lot of attention to the root system of the seedling. It must look healthy and should not be damaged. It also must have a lot of branches. After planting pour a lot of water and then mulch with peat, humus and other material to prevent evaporation.
Taking care of pear trees
Since pear trees have a lot in common with apple trees the care is much the same and includes watering, fertilizing, fighting pests and diseases. However, there are some differences. Young pear trees, for example, are less winter hardy, so they need more cover. Normal watering is 2 buckets. For less evaporation you can put dry earth, dung, humus or grass around the trunk.
We wish you success in growing pear trees and good harvest!
Varieties of pear trees
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